Cervical ectropion: Symptoms, treatment, and causes

What is cervical cautery?

Cervical ectopy is when the soft cells (glandular cells) that line the inside of the cervical canal spread to the outer surface of your cervix. The outside of your cervix normally has hard cells (epithelial cells).

Where the two types of cells meet is called the transformation zone. The cervix is the “neck” of your uterus, where your uterus connects to your vagina.

This condition is sometimes referred to as cervical erosion. That name is not only unsettling but also misleading. You can rest assured that your cervix isn’t really eroding.

Cervical cautery is fairly commonly used among women of childbearing age who have cervical erosion. It’s not cancerous and doesn’t affect fertility. In fact, it’s not a disease. Even so, it can cause problems for some women.

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How is it diagnosed?

Cervical erosion is likely to be discovered during a routine pelvic examination and Pap test. The condition is actually visible during a pelvic exam because your cervix will appear bright red and rougher than normal. And it might bleed a little during the exam.

Although there’s no connection between them,early cervical cancer looks a lot like cervical ectropion. The Pap test can help rule out cervical cancer.

If you’re not having symptoms, and your Pap test results are normal, you probably don’t need further testing.

If you’re having difficult symptoms, such as pain during sex or heavy discharge, your doctor might want to test for an underlying condition.

The next step may be a procedure called colposcopy, which can be done in a doctor’s office. It involves powerful lighting and a special magnifying instrument to get a closer look at your cervix.

During the same procedure, a small tissue sample can be collected to test for cancerous cells.