Colposcopy Cervical Cancer

Colposcopy is a procedure to closely examine your cervix, vagina and vulva for signs of disease. During colposcopy, doctor uses a special instrument called a colposcope.Doctor may recommend colposcopy if your Pap test result is abnormal. If doctor finds an unusual area of cells during colposcopy, a sample of tissue can be collected for laboratory testing (biopsy).

You usually get a colposcopy if you had some sort of abnormal results on your Pap test so your doctor can further diagnose any problems.

Many women experience anxiety before their colposcopy exams. Knowing what to expect during your colposcopy may help you feel more comfortable.

Colposcopy can be used to diagnose:

  • Genital warts
  • Inflammation of the cervix (cervicitis)
  • Precancerous changes in the tissue of the cervix
  • Precancerous changes in the tissue of the vagina
  • Precancerous changes of the vulva
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Colposcopy usually takes 10 to 20 minutes. You’ll lie on your back on a table with your feet in supports, just as during a pelvic exam or Pap test.

The doctor places a metal speculum in your vagina. The speculum holds open the walls of your vagina so that your doctor can see your cervix.

Your doctor positions the special magnifying instrument, called a colposcope, a few inches away from your vulva. A bright light is shined into your vagina, and  doctor looks through the lens, as if using binoculars.

Your cervix and vagina are swabbed with cotton to clear away any mucus. Your doctor may apply a solution of vinegar or another type of solution to the area. This may cause a burning or tingling sensation. The solution helps highlight any areas of suspicious cells.