Colposcopy is a procedure to closely examine your cervix, vagina and vulva for signs of disease. During colposcopy, doctor uses a special instrument called a colposcope.Doctor may recommend colposcopy if your Pap test result is abnormal. If doctor finds an unusual area of cells during colposcopy, a sample of tissue can be collected for laboratory testing (biopsy).
You usually get a colposcopy if you had some sort of abnormal results on your Pap test so your doctor can further diagnose any problems.
Many women experience anxiety before their colposcopy exams. Knowing what to expect during your colposcopy may help you feel more comfortable.
Colposcopy can be used to diagnose:
- Genital warts
- Inflammation of the cervix (cervicitis)
- Precancerous changes in the tissue of the cervix
- Precancerous changes in the tissue of the vagina
- Precancerous changes of the vulva