What is laparoscopic surgery?
Laparoscopy is looking inside the abdomen with a telescope (laparos = abdomen, scopy = to have a look). This procedure is used to make a diagnosis but also to carry out several surgical procedures and the common name used for this technique is laparoscopic or key-hole surgery. It is also known as minimal access surgery.
What are the common indications?
In gynaecology, common indications for performing laparoscopic surgery are:
Endometriosis (diagnosis and treatment)
Ovarian cysts (cystectomy is often performed laparoscopically)
Ectopic pregnancy (diagnosis and treatment)
Hysterectomy (may be performed for heavy periods, fibroids or endometrial cancer)